Feb 24, 2012

Future of the Russian Navy: Part 1: Combattant Ships

Toward a major decline (in number) through the 2010’s but toward a more reasonable (and realistic) fleet size.

Warning: some data uncertain, status of some ships relatively unclear...

Coastlines: 37 653 km, 79,400 km² of water area (mainly lakes/rivers, 13% of the entire Russian land aera)
EEZ: a grand total of 7,566,673 km2 (of wich 1,159 million km2 in Barents Sea, 24 549 km2 in Baltic, 6+ million km2 in Asia and extreme Nordic waters)

Personnal Strength (2006/2007 estimates): 178 500
Regular/Conscript: 142 000; Naval-Infantry: 9500; Naval-Aviation: 35 000; Coastal Defence Troops: 2000.

1 Aircraft Carriers
1 or 2 ? Future Russian aircraft carrier
Expected to be designed by 2015-2020 and (likely) to be commissioned by +/- late 2020's. A much improved "Kuznetsov" (but with conventional propulsion) were likely......as usual, Wait & See

1 Kuznestov
(Admiral Kuznestov), 55 000 tons, 306 meters STOBAR carrier. Commissioned by 1991, with probably 35/40 year of life expected, to be modernized by 2012/2017 and likely to remain in service until late 2020's.

1 (+2 ?) 3 Nuclear powered Cruisers (the 3 Russian “White-Elephant”).
1 (+2 ?) 3 Kirov class
(Pyotr Velikiy). Two others ships in uncertain ? status (Admiral Lazarev, Admiral Nakhimov ). A fourth ship (Admiral Ushakov) were laid-up and likely to be scrapped. 28 000 tons, 252 meters nuclear powered large cruisers. Designed by early 1970's. Commissioned by 1998 (Pyotr Velikiy), others during 1980's.....likely to remain in service until late 2010's/mid 2020's.

Very powerful (150+ missiles, nuclear powered) large cruisers (intended to counter the 1980's refitted US Iowa’s battleships). Designed by early 1970’s. Clearly Useless today (too crew expensive, too expensive to operate, not really….stealthy….and highly vulnerable to torpedoes/supersonic missiles) BUT FOR POLITICAL USE (ie. "Gunboat Policy"...), likely to remain in service until late 2020’s. There is virtually impossible that these 3 very large ships are replaced during 2020’s by new large nuclear-CRUISERS (120+ VLS, advanced AAW radar, nuclear powered), because the cost of such ships would be ASTRONOMICAL for the Russian Navy...

+/- 5 AAW Cruisers (the last one's ?…)
3 Slava
(Moskva, Marshal-Ustinov, Varyag), 11 500 tons, 186 meters powerful AAW cruiser (a "scale-down" version of the Kirov’s), designed by mid 1970’s, commissioned by 1982/1989, with probable 35+ year of service life, to be retired by late 2010’s/late 2020’s. They will be not probably directly replaced...

A fourth ship (Ukrayina), is docked unfinished (95% complete). In may 2010 Russian’s agreed to help Ukraine to complete the cruiser (a "very-highly" dubious deal for the Ukrainian’s, because the relative NOW AGEING hull of the uncompleted ship).

1 Kara (to be retired very soon)
(Kerch), 9900 tons, 173 meters AAW cruisers, designed by late 1960’s, commissioned around 1974. Ageing ship, to be retired very soon...

It is very clear in any foreseeable future that these AAW cruisers are the last of the Russian navy. Because new/modern AAW CRUISERS (100+ VLS, latest AAW radars, 11,000 + tons) will be too far expensive for Russian financials resources (and too complex for Russian shipyards).

+/- 15 Destroyers (toward a very serious concerns by 2015+ ?)
Up to ? "project 21 956" Future Russian destroyers
9000 tons, 163 meters (uncertain data ?). Likely to replace all Udaloy/Sovremenny DDG's around 2015/2025...Real (Serious) number of ships planned unknow but the bad shape of the Russian shipyards, the Russian Finance and complexity of these future destroyers make it very probable that only a handfull (6 to 8 ?) will be built around 2018/2030……as usual……Wait & See…

1 Udaloy-II
(Admiral Chabanenko), commissioned by 1999 after a delayed construction (10 years to be built...). With probable +/- 30 years of service expected, to be retired around late 2020's/early 2030’s.

8 Udaloy-I
(Vice Admiral Kulakov, Admiral Tributs, Marshal Shaposhnikov, Severomorsk, Admiral Levchenko, Admiral Vinogradov, Admiral Kharlamov, Admiral Panteleyev). Few others were laid-up/unserviceable. 7000+ tons ASW, 163 meters destroyers designed by mid 1970’s. Commissioned by 1981/1991. To be retired around late 2020's/late 2020's.

5 Sovremenny
(Bystryy, Gremyaschiy, Bespokoynyy, Nastoychiyy, Admiral Ushakov). Few others were laip-up/in reserve (Boyevoy, Burnyy, Rastoropnyy, Bezboyaznennyy, Bezuderzhnyy) and unlikely to sail again. 7000 tons, 156 meters AAW destroyer, designed by mid 1970’s. Current active Russian ships commissioned by 1986/1993. To be retired troughs 2010’s.

1 Kashin
(Smetlivy), 3500/4000 tons, 144 meters (Kashin AAW destroyer, designed by late 1950’s). Commissioned by 1969. Now totally obsolete and to be retired very soon, in the following years...

8+ Frigates (the real workhorse of the future Russian navy by 2016+)
Up to ? Admiral Sergey Gorshkov (project 22350)……
(Admiral Gorshkov, Admiral Kasatonov, Admiral Kolovko, Admiral Yumashev, others not yet named). 4500 tons, 130+ meters frigate (Project 22 350, intended to renewed the Russian surface fleet). Designed by early 2000’s, first ships suffered from building delays. Commissioned by 2012+......8 to 20 ships planned through 2010's. Expected to replace the current ageing Russian frigates (Krivak’s/Neutrashimy’s FFG)...

6 Admiral Grigorovich
(Admiral Grigorovich, Admiral Essen, Admiral Makarov, Admiral Kornilov, Admiral Istomin, Admiral Butakov). 3800/4000 tons, 124+ meters (derived from the Indian Talwar FFG design). Commissioned by 2013/2016.

2 Neutrashimy (Project 1154)
(Neustrashimyy, Yaroslav Mudryy). 4000 tons, 129 meters multi-purpose frigate, designed by mid 1980’s (after the Falkland experience). Commissioned by 1993/2009. The second ship suffered from phenomenal building delays and the third ship (Tuman) were still incomplete on slipway (30% complete) & unlikely to be completed.

+/- 3 Krivak
(Plyky, Ladny, Pytlivy). 3000 tons, 123 meters. Originally 32 Krivak built for the Russian Navy during 1970/1981. Many were currently laid up or scrapped. The three remaining ships still in Russian service were commissioned by 1979/1981...and likely to remain in service until mid/late 2010's

When you see the current situation of the Russian Finance/Shipyards, it is likely that some 3500/6000 tons frigates will become the main major surface combatant ships of the Russian navy by 2020’s+…

Up to 9+ Corvettes
Up to 8 ? Improved Steregushiy (Project 20 385 ?)
(Provornyy ?, Gremyaschiy, others not yet named ?). 2200 tons, 104 meters (Improved Steregushiy). Expected to be commissioned around 2015+...

Up to +/- 6 Steregushiy (Project 20 380)
(Steregushiy, Soobrazitelny, Boiky, Sovershenny, Stoiky, Provorny ?, others not yet named ?). 1900 tons, 104 meters corvette intended to replace the ageing Grisha class. Designed by late 1990’s. The earlier ships suffered from a lengthy construction. Commissioned from 2007-….. Actually 2 in service, 3 others in completion. "Officially" 19 ships ordered + 10 planned......Wait & See...

Up to 3 Gepard (Project 11 661)
(Tatarstan, Dagaestan, Buravestnik). 1500/1900 tons, 102 meters corvette intended to replace olders Koni/Grisha/Parchim Russian corvettes. This program suffered from severe delays. Designed by late 1980’s, first ship commissioned by 2002, the two others were currently under completion.

+/- 28 ASW Corvettes (700+ tons)
Up to 6 Buyan (Project 21 630/21 631)
(Astrakhan, Volgodonsk, Mahachkala, Grad Sviyazhsk, Uglich, Veliki Ustyug). 550/950 tons, 62/74 meters. Commissioned by 2006/2014.

1 or 2 ? Grisha I (Project 1124)
(Aleksandrovets, Kholmsk), status unclear. Many others ships already scrapped or laid-up/scrapped. 930 tons, 71 meters ASW corvettes, commissioned by 1982/1987.

+/- 18 Grisha III-IV (Project 1124M)
(Muromets, Suzdalets, Kasimov, Povorino, Eisk, MPK- 17, Metel, MPK-221 Promorskyy, Koreets, Sovetskaya Gavan, MPK-82, MPK-107, Monchegorsk, Snezhnogorsk, Brest, Yunga, Onega, Naryan-Mar). Few others in unclear status. Slightly modified Grisha I design. 930 tons, 71 meters. Commissioned by late 1970’s/1991.

+/- 8 Parchim class (Project 1331M)
(MPK-105, MPK-224 Aleksin, MPK-227, MPK-228 Bashkortostan, MPK-229 Kalmykia, MPK-99 Zelznodolsk, MPK-192, MPK-205 Kazanets). 800+ tons, 72+ meters ASW corvette derived from the east german design. Built at east german shipyards and commissioned by 1986/1990.

Fast Missiles Attack Crafts (bigger and much fewer)
+/- 5 Nanuchka I/II (Project 12 341)
Few in limited service/in reserve (Molniya, Zranica ?, Burun, Aysberg, Uragan). Some others already retired/scrapped. 650+ tons, 60 meters missiles corvettes, designed by mid 1960’s. Reportedly to be a poor sea boat, Its engine are considered unreliable.

+/- 6 Nanuchka III (Project 12 341)
6 still in service (Zyb, Liven, Mirazh, Geizer, Passat, Shtil), few others laid-up/in reserve ? (Priboy, Smerch, Priliv, Meteor, Rassvyet, Moroz, Razliv). 650+ tons, 60 meters. The ships in current Russian service were commissioned by 1978/1991.

1 Nanuchka IV (Project 12 341)
(Nakat), status unclear. 650+ tons, 60 meters. Commissioned by 1987.

1 Muhka (Project 1141/11451)
(Vladimirets). 460 tons, 50 meters, ASW small corvettes. Commissioned by 1991.

2 Bbora (Project 1239)
(Bora, Samum), 1000 tons, 64 meters (missiles overcrafts). Construction delayed by the soviet collapse. Commissioned by 1997/2000.

9 Siren ?
Uncertain data ?

Up to 2 Tarantul I ?
(R 47, ex R160). 500+ tons, 56 meters. Status unclear.

+/- 4 Tarantul II
(R 71, 29, 101, 257). Status of R 125 unclear. 500+ tons, 56 meters, designed by 1970’s. commissioned by 1983/1993.

+/- 20 Tarantul III
(R 334, 104, R5, R11, R19, R79, R 293, R2, R 291, R24, R 187, R 298, R 297, R 129, R 60, R 20, R 109, R 18, 14, 239). 500 tons, 56 meters, mainly commissioned during 1980’s.

1 Molnia/Pauk (Project 12412) gun corvettes
(Novorossyisk). 500+ tons, 58 meters.

Phm 2 Dergach (Project 1239) missiles
(Samum, Sivuch/Bora). 1200 tons, 79 meters. Commissioned by 1992/1993.

4 Matka ?
Uncertain data ?

3 (+1) Turya (Project 206M), torpedoes boats
(R 50, R30, 25). A fourth ship (249) manned by the russian coast guards. 250 tons, 38 meters. Fast torpedo hydrofoils, commissioned by 1978/1983.

Patrols Crafts
3 Paul ?
Uncertain data ?

20 Stenka ?
Uncertain data ?

1 Astrakan ?
Uncertain data ?

Around 40 Mineweespers (toward +/- 15 ships by early 2020's ?)
Up to 4 Alexandrit (Project 12 700)
(Aexandrit, others not yet named). 600/800 tons, 51+ meters. Commissioned by 2013+...

2 ? Natya III
(vitse admiral zakharin, valintin pikul), improved version of Natya MCM. commissioned by 2009/2011.

+/- 13 Natya I/II (266/266M)
(Turbinist, MT-264, MT-265, Komendor, Mashinist, Kovrovets, Pulemetchik, Ivan Golubets, Svyazist, Valintin Pikul, Vitse Admiral Zakhae’in, Vitse admiral Zhukov). Status of few boats unclear. 800 tons, 61 meters. Improved design from the “Yurka” class. Designed by late 1960’s, commissioned by 1975 onward.

2 Gorya (Project 1266)
(admiral Zheleznyakov, admiral Gumanenko). 1100 tons, 70 meters mine hunter designed y early 1980’s, commissioned by 1988/1994

+/- 23 Sonya class (Project 1260/1265)
(BT 245, Yusup Akaev, Yadrin, Kolomna, BT 230, Kolbasyev, BT 115, Petrozavodsk, BT 96? BT 215, BT 232, BT 256, Avangard, Alexei Lebedev, Mineralnie Vodi, Leitenant Il’in, Polyarnyy, german ugryumov, BT 100, Kotelnich, BT 114, BT 132, magomed gadgiev). Some others already retired/scrapped. 430 tons, 49 meters mineweespers designed by late 1960’s. Ships still in service commissioned by 1980/1993.

+/- 7 Lida or Lada? class (Project 10 750)
(RT 248, 249, 252, 273, 231, 233, 234). 130+ tons, 31 meters coastal mineweespers. Status unclear ?

+/- 10 Strategic SSBN Submarines (toward +/- 8 ships by early 2020’s ?)
Up to 4 Borei-II (Project 955-U)
(Svyatitel Nikolay, others not yet named). 14/23 000 tons, 170 meters russian SSBN (improved Borei-I with newer sensors & so). Expected to be commissioned around 2015/2020.

3 Borei-I (Project 955)
(Yuriy Dolgorukiy, Aleksandr Nevkiy, Vladimir Monomakh). 14/23 000 tons, 170 meters newer Russian SSBN design. This program, started by 1996, suffered from serious delays/budget constraints. Initially intended to replace the oldest Russian SSBN (Delta III), but now, with budgets constraints and Russian shipyards bad shape, it is very clear that this class replace all current Russian SSBN (Delta III/IV's, Typhoon) by late 2010’s.

1 (+2?) Typhoon (Project 941)
(TK-208 Dmitry Donskoy). Two others in reserve/overhaul (TK-17 Arkhangelsk, TK-20 Severstal). 23 000 tons, 175 meters russian SSBN. 6 originally built, commissioned by 1981/1989. To be retired by 2019.

These giants subs, initially intended to survive a first US nuclear strike and launch a major ultimate strike intended to definitively decimate the US/NATO forces (and likely…the world…by nuclear fallout) were each able to carry 200 nuclear warheads. In the aftermarth of the cold war, these ships were clearly a “White-Elephant” (too big, too crew expensive, too expensive to operate, and a too “overkill” weapons systems).

5 Delta IV (Project 667 BDRM)
(Verkhoturye, Yekaterinburg, Tula, Bryansk, Karelia, Novomoskovsk). A sixth SSBN (Yekaterinburg) has been recently heavily damaged by fire, its future is..."uncertain". A another ship (Podmoskovye) was converted to scientific sub. Improved from Delta III. Designed by late 1970’s, commissioned by 1984/1990. Likely to remain the main class of Russian SSBN until late 2010’s.

+/- 3 Delta III (Project 667 BDR)
+/- 3 ships still active (K-223 Podolsk, K-433 Georgiy Pobedonosets, K-44 Ryazan), few others laip up (K-211, K-449, K-455, K-490, K-487, K-496, K-506, K-180). A another sub (K-129) was converted to special ops). 9500+ tons, 155 meters SSBN, improved from Delta II. Designed by late 1960/early 1970’s, commissioned by 1976/1982. All these ships were likely to be retired very soon, by 2015.

+/- 3 Cruise missile submarine
2 to 5 Oscar (Project 949)
2 in effective service (K-119 Voronezh, K-226-Orel), others in overhaul/repair for future service (K-410 Smolensk, K-186 Omsk, K-150 Tomsk) and others were laid up (Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Chelyabinsk, Vilyuchinsk) and unlikely to sail again. A another sub (Belgorod), was in incomplete status (75%) and likely to be scrapped on slipway. 12/18 000 tons, 155 meters SSGN (originally intended to be a pure "carrier-killer" sub). Designed by late 1970’s, commissioned by 1986/1996, likely to be retired by late 2010’s/late 2020’s….

1 Yasen (Project 855)
(Severodvinsk), 8000/13 000 tons, 119+ meters. Designed by late 1980’s, laid down by 1993, construction greatly delayed through the 1990’s. Commissioned by 2011. To be retired toward late 2040. +/- Officially 6 others subs planned, but this is very unlikely (now this late 1980’s sub design was too old to remain in service until 2050’s…)

Up to 8 ? Yasen-II (Project 855M)
(Kazan, others names not yet named). Improved Yasen SSGN (newer sensors & so). Expected to be commissioned by 2015+

+/- 15 SSN Submarines (to down to +/- 8/9 by 2020 ?).
2+ ? Akula- I (Project 971)
Two ships in service (K-317 Pantera, K-331 Magadan), few others ships laid-up or in uncertain status ? (K-263 Delfin, K-322 Kashalot, K-391 Bratsk, K-284 Akula). Commissioned by 1984/1990.

4+ ? Akula-I Improved (Project 971+)
Four ships in service (K-461 Volk, K-328 Leopard, K-154 Tigr, K-295 Samara). A fifth ship in uncertain status ? (K-419 Kuzbass). Commissioned by 1991/1994.

2 Akula II (Project 971++)
2 ships in service (K-157 Vepr, K-335 Gepard). 5000/8000 tons, 110+ meters. Designed by late 1970’s.

4 Victor III (Project 671 RTM)
(K-388, K-138, K-414, K-448). Improved Victor II, commissioned by 1988/1992.
Likely few others “Victor” were laid up, unlikely to sail again.

1 Sierra I (Project 945)
(K-276 Kostroma) 7000+ tons, 107 meters. Designed by early 1980, commissioned by 1987.

2 Sierra II (Project 945B)
(K-534 Nizhniy Novgorod, K-336 Pskov). 8000+ tons, 111 meters. Improved Sierra I. Commissioned by 1990/1993.

+/- 15 Conventionnal Submarines
1 (+2 ?) Lada (Project 677)
One ship almost completed (Saint-Petersburg). Two others ships in building process (Kronshtadt, Sevastopol) but maybe to be stopped ?. 1700/2700 tons, 72 meters. Initially planned as "successors of the Kilo's, but the Russians are in face of so many problems with this design they are going to cancel this entire program...

Up to 6 Kilo-III (Project 636-3)
(B-261 Novorossiysk, B-237 Rostov-on-Don, others not yet named). 2300/3900 tons, 70/74 meters (improved Kilo with newer sensors & so). To be commissioned by 2013/2016

+/- 11 Kilo-I/II (Project 877/877M)
+/- 11 ships still active in russian hands (B-260 Chita, B-227 Vyborg, B-401 Novosibirsk, B-402 Vologda, B-808 Yaroslavl, B-800 Kaluga, B-871 Alrosa, B-471 Magnitogorsk, B-177 Lipetsk, B-190 Krasnokamensk, B-345 Mogocha ).
Around 10 or 11 others in reserve ? (B-248, B-229, B-404, B-439, B-445 Svyatoi Nikolai Chudotvorets, B-394, B-464 Ust'-Kamchatsk, B-459 Vledikavkaz in reserve or active ?, B-494 Ust'-Bolsheretsk in reserve or active ?, B-187, maybe B-806 ??).

The Kilo’s were a 2000/4000 tons, 70+ meters sub, designed by early 1980’s. Very effective coastal/ocean going conventional sub. Considerable export success (Indian, China, Algeria, Iran, Vietnam, Poland, Romania). The Russian subs, commissioned by 1981/1994 , was expected to remain in service until late 2010’s/early 2020's.

Midget submarines
Obviously confirmed, but exact number & type of crafts uncertain (various web sources :/ )

Russian Maritime Borders Guards (2006/2007 estimates)
7 Frigates
Up to 7 Krivak III.

16 Corvettes
12 Grisha II ?
Uncertain data ?

4 Grisha III ?
Uncertain data ?

8 Alpirist ?
Uncertain data ?

4 Komandor ?
Uncertain data ?

Off-Shore Patrol Crafts
17 Sorum patrol boat
Uncertain data ?

7 Piyavka (Riverine)
Uncertain data ?

15 Shmel ? (Riverine)
Uncertain data ?

5 Vosh ?
Uncertain data ?

2 Yaz-30 Gonek ?
Uncertain data ?

Inshore Patrol-Crafts:
20 Svetlyak ?
Uncertain data ?

20 Zhuk ?
Uncertain data ?

Fast Patrol-Crafts:
Up to 20 Pauk
Uncertain data ?

Up to 15 Stenka
Uncertain data ?

Up to 3 Muravey hydrofoil with torpedoes

Uncertain data ?

12 Others various patrols-crafts
Uncertain data ?

Large Landing ships (10 000+ tons, a total renewal !)
Up to 4 “Vladivostok”
(Vladivostok, Sevastopol, others not yet named). 16 000/21 000 tons, 199 meters (LHD derived from the French Mistral design). Expected to be commissioned by 2014/2018.

+/- 2 Ivan Rogov (Project 1174)
(Mistrofan Moskalenko). 2 others in uncertain status (Ivan Rogov, Alexander Nikolayev). 11/14 000 tons, 157 meters, large LST. Designed by early 1970’s. Commissioned by 1978/1990.

Medium Landing ships (2000+ tons)
Up to 5 ? Ivan Gren (Project 11 711)
(Ivan Gren, others not yet named). 5000+ tons, 120 meters newer Russian landing ship. To be commissioned by 2012. Up to 4 others “officially” planned, to replace ageing "Alligators".

4 Alligator class (Project 1171)
(Orsk, Saratov, Nikolai Filchenkov, Nikolai Vilkov) 3000/4000 tons, 112 meters LST. Designed by late 1950’s/early 1960’s. Commissioned by 1966-1975. 10 others ships already retired from service. Expected to be retired through the 2010's and replaced by few "Ivan Gren".

About the Ropucha serie’s, data were "unclear"…They are many confusion about Ropucha I/II/III ships....

2 or 6 ? Ropucha I (Project 775)
(Olenegorsky gornyak, otrakovskyy ?, others ?), 2/4000 tons, 113 meters. Built in Polish shipyards. Few others laid-up/in reserve. Commissioned by 1975/1991.

3 to 7 ? Ropucha II-III (Project 775M)
(Azov, Korolev, Perevest and ? or ? Nikolai Korsakov, Novocherkassk, yamal, Kaliningrad, tsesar kunikov, georgy pobedonosets, oslyaba), 2/4000 tons, 113 meters. Built in Polish shipyards. Commissioned by 1990/1992.

Small Landing ships
9 “Ondatra” (LCM)
Data unclear ?

3 LCU “Serna” (LCU)
Data unclear ?

16 Various landings crafts (Data unclear ?)
(3 “Aist”; 3 “Lebed”; 2 “Orlan”; 3 “Tsaplya”; 1 “Utenko”; 1 “Utka”; 2 “Zubr” overcrafts expected to be retired by early 2010’s).

The Russians may be planning to buy some modern small landing ships. Rumors rise about the famous newer French L-CAT design…

Tanks: 160 T-55M/T-72/T-80
Recco: 60 BRDM
AIFV: 150 BMP-2/BMP-3/BRM-1K
Armored Vehicles (Tracked): 250 MT-LB
Armored Vehicles (Wheeled): 500+ BTR-60/BTR-70/BTR-80
Artillery (Self-Propelled): 95 Carnation 2S1 (122mm); 18 2S3 (152mm)
Artillery (Towed): 45 D-30 (122mm)
Mortars (Self-Propelled): 20 2S23 Nona-SVK (120mm); 75 2S9 SP Nona-S (120mm)
Mortars (Towed): 18 2B16 Nona-K (120mm)
Rockets Launchers: 96 9P138 (122mm)
Anti-Tanks Missiles: 72+ AT-3 9K11 Sagger/AT-5 9K113 Spandrel
SAM Missiles: 20 SA-8 Gecko; 50 SA-9 Gaskin/SA-13 Gopher
Manpads: 250+ SA-7 Grail
AA Guns: 60 ZSU-23-4 (23mm)

Tanks: 350 T-64
Armored Vehicles (Trackeed): 40 MT-LB
Armored Vehicles (Wheeled): 280 BTR-60/BTR-70/BTR-80
Artillery (Self-Propelled): 48 2S5 (152mm)
Artillery (Towed): 140 D-30 (122mm); 50 D-20 (152mm); 50 2A36 (152mm); 50 2A65 (152mm).
Rockets Launchers: 36 BM-21 (122mm)
SAM: 50 missiles
- 28 Su-27 Flanker (Fighters)

- 56 to 58 Tu-22M Backfire A/C (Bombers)
- 49 Su-27 Flanker (Fighters)
- 30 Mig-31 Foxhound (Fighters)
- 5 to 10 Su-25 Frogfoot (Ground attack)
- 47 to 58 Su-24 Fencer (Ground attack)
- 20 to 27 Tu-142 Bear F/J (ASW)
- 15 Be-12 Mail (Maritime Patrol)
- 29 to 35 Il-38 May (Maritime Patrol)
- 2 Il-20 RT Coot-A (AEW)
- 5 An-26 Curl (AEW)/
- 5 An-12 Cub (AEW)
- 37 An-12 Cub/An-24 Coke/An-26 Curl (Transport)

- 11 Mi-24 Mind (Attack)
- 70 to 85 Ka-27 Helix (ASW)
- 20 Mi-14 Haze A (ASW)
- 8 Mi-8 Hip (AEW)
- 28 to 30 Ka-29 Helix
- 22 to 50 Ka-25 PS Hormone C/Ka-27 PS Hormone D (SAR)
- 40 Mi-14 PS Haze C (SAR)
- 26 to 35 Mi-8 Hip (Transport)
- 10 Mi-6 Hook (Transport)

Airborne anti-ships missiles
AS-10 Karen; AS-11 Kilter; AS-12 Kegler; AS-4 Kitchen; AS-7 Kerry; AS-13 Kingbolt and others

In resume,
Despite many optimistic statements during the 2000’s, it now seems certain that the Russian navy will see their size seriously reduced in the future, and this for several reasons (Loss of expertise in Russian shipyards, Lack of financial resources, technicals difficulties & so...)

Next fleet review: Future of the Russian navy: PART 2: auxiliary ships

As usual, It may be that in my opinion, I forgot programs ? (or made some mistakes ?), then said it ! Feel free to comment and give your opinion !


  1. Good write-up. One thing though...the Kuznetsov is a STOBAR-carrier, not a STOVL...the difference is pretty significant. ;-)

    Russian aims for its sub fleet are overoptimistic as usual. Those SSN-numbers might be attained by 2025, not 2015. Lada has turned out to be a disaster, as has the surface vessel program for new frigates, which is why they are now essentially building Krivak IVs and Kilo IIIs.

    All those tendencies show in my opinion clearly, that all that outrage in media and by pundits about the Mistral-deal is much ado about nothing, since Russia will essentially run out of escorts to protect these glorified ferries.

  2. I think the Russians are starting to sell their wares to western allied, Non-Nato Allies and I'll bet ya that Countries like the Philippines, would be looking at Russian hardware

  3. Check rusnavy.com/news... LADA project is still alive..they were about to do some extra trials problem was its AIP Engine but aparently they fixed it in the export Amur version and INDIA happy . not sure however if this will have an impact on the non-export version.

    about frigate Gorshkov only problems is delays.. but still they working on them..2 frigates of the project being worked at same time now. im more interested in the new stealth Destroyer 21956 and the modernization of their Kirov Classes cruisers..

  4. the article says..about KIROV class "Clearly Useless today (too crew expensive, too expensive to operate, not really….stealthy….and highly vulnerable to torpedoes/supersonic missiles) BUT FOR POLITICAL USE"

    Really the dumbest comments ever.. really doubt who wrote it have any knowledge on the subject. One KIROV class is not useless in any remote way. Its the most powerful warship in the world today in service . is a super cruiser missile launcher.can easily destroy from safe distance any Type45, Ticonderoga ,Arleigh Burke class or any other american or NATO destroyer in 1 vs 1. for Sure its no contest. people forget that warships today function are very different than in the past.. They dont have today to fight at visual contact.Today modern battles will be fought at hundreds Km away of the visual range. The warship are only like an artficial island that moves.in the sea where modoern radars are setup and missiles launched. What kills is not the ship but its missiles and torpedos and other weapons..which are world class. ahead of the west.those have been modernized for today standars ,including their RADARs.. No destroyer in the world as modern ,could be be invisible on radar. they produce a lot of noise while traveling..and will not look remotely invicible to any Modern Radar in a war ship. to planes or underwater submarines... P-700 for example can hit any warship as far as 625km at supersonic speed superior than the slow harpoons and tomahawaks. Kirov also have 96x S-300 defense system. that can target 12 air targets each. Enough Defense to keep grounded the entire desert storm on iraq air campaign.
    Another think is that Kirov is a nuclear warship. contrary to what US or NATo have .means is not limited in range. so could keep at distance if needed any warship fleet.

    Political use LOL.. i guess thats the reason they are planning to overhaul the entire Kirov class fleet (4 cruisers ) with even more modern weapons they are developing before 2020. They are actually planning to use them as their LEAD warship. not for politics or any other moronic idea.but because their Superior Power is unquestionable. yes very expensive they are.. only thing you got right.. next time folk..educate yourself better.

  5. Good replay,There are several things to comment in this post, especially as there is no basic knowledge of Russian weapon systems by the author.